White Out

The proposal asserts its presence by formally negating its figure. By voiding its image, it foregrounds its background: Helsinki.

Guggenheim View 3_VF_02

The proposal consists of a cobblestone plinth and a white fabric object. While the plinth negotiates all ground requirements, the white object mediates the context in which the art is shown. The building takes its cue from the harbor it has settled in. It is both urban and maritime.


The removal of the subject/figure reinforces the environment. Anything placed in front of the white object becomes the focus of attention. The building is an abstract representation, an exacerbation of the white box, an undetermined shape or event, a John Baldessari cutout, a white-out. The white object is simultaneously iconic and subtle; it is explicitly present, yet yielding to its surroundings. The missing figure forms a strong presence through its absence. What initially seems like a non-descript form reveals itself as a finely tuned performative surface. Through its use of PTFE white fabric, the envelope acts as a light diffuser to the interior galleries. The structure enables large, flexible, column free spaces. Deep floors and ceilings allow for all mechanical infrastructure. The top floor is a series of vierendeel trusses from which hangs possibly the largest single solid cross laminated Finnish timber plane. The wood plane is suspended by very slim carbon fibre cables forming the floor of the suspended gallery and the ceiling of the invisible gallery.
The building recognizes lightness as one of the most overlooked approaches to architectural sustainability. The weight of a building is directly related to its carbon footprint. During construction, and possible demolition, lightness will dramatically reduce carbon emissions associated with the amount of manufactured material as well as from moving and installing building material. Because of its pervasive use of fabric, and Phase Change Material for insulation, the proposed building is significantly lighter than one using traditional materials.



“The Thing” is a black box where architecture is turned into a black void. Any object that is placed with this field is precisely illuminated without excess light fall-off. Objects are detected by infrared (IR) beams and illuminated according to their presence and location.


The invisible gallery space is encapsulated in white fabric. Rounded corners generate a type of visual ground zero, a white-out. Here, the ubiquitous white gallery wall typically used for the display of art has become the space itself. The hovering uninterrupted timber plane, the museum goers, and the art itself gain equal conceptual focus…

Exploded Axo_isolated

Carol Moukheiber, Christos Marcopoulos. Team: John Natanek



DropMoss™ is a networked moss culture designed for standard T-bardrop-ceilings. We recognize the ceiling as an untapped site for interior landscapes. It is an undisturbed zone that can be reclaimed by nature and linked to resilient outdoor ecosystem by means of networked embedded technology. The tile consists of a compostable/recyclable coco mat “cartridge” and an aluminum “tray” with integrated sensors, digital readout and wireless communication. The cartridge hosts a variety of common low maintenance moss species including Hypnum, Haircap, Rock Cap, and Cushion moss. They are irrigated by a hand held piston-pump sprayer or alternatively by means of an automated misting system integrated into the drop-ceiling structure. Moisture levels are optimized through embedded humidity sensors.

Internet of Moss

Although discretized as individual elements for stand-alone use or modular aggregation, the DropMoss tiles are wirelessly connected to their neighbors and linked to the Internet. They report individually on their status (humidity, pH) and together on ambient environmental conditions (temperature, ambient light, humidity, C02). They join other networked moss communities around the globe in an ecosystem of live correlated data whose feedback serves their resilience and sustainability.

1.) “Aluminum
2.) Disposable/recyclable coco mat
3.) Cartridge and Moss Insert combined
Acadia installation Waterloo, 2013

Web Interface of DropMoss tile: “the Internet of Moss”. In collaboration with Rodolphe el-Khoury
Team: Andrew Piotrowski, Tommy Reslinski, Samar Sabie

The Hu-Mannequin

Christos Marcopoulos and Carol Moukheiber

Date: 2012

Valentina Mele
Michael Spatafora

Clothes designed by:
Adrian Wu
Erin Holman

IM Blanky

(soft) Hardware:
The blanket measures 7


RAD (2012-2015) was founded by NMO partners Carol Moukheiber and Christos Marcopoulos, with Rodolphe el-Khoury:

The lab was set up to research emerging responsive technologies. The lab

Farnsworth Curtain

Carol Moukheiber and Christos Marcopoulos

Date: 2011

Min Woo Kim


In 2004, after five years of severe drought, Las Vegas banned all lawns in any new housing development, allowing

Dual State Room

A space that responds to fluctuating light levels by continuously modulating its surface to enhance light and mood.

The Dual State Room is a systematically constructed deep infrastructure for controlling the most superficial of tectonic conditions: the wall surface – (the wall paper)

The Dual State Room can change its appearance. One moment it is a warm, sound absorbent walnut veneer, and the next, a cool, reflective fluorescent yellow enamel. The space flip flops between these states, responding to light level fluctuations over the course of the day. When the space is too bright, the wall adopts the wooden side, reducing glare, and offering a feeling of warmth. Conversely, when dark, the wall flips to a highly reflective surface maximizing light levels.


RGB Garden

Heating and Cooling Glass

Heating and Cooling Glass explores the potential for the migration of the central HVAC system into a decentralized modular surface.

The double glazed Heating and Cooling Glass unit is used opportunistically as the site of maximum difference in temperature. Mediating incoming and outgoing air at the envelope takes advantage of the building takes advantage of the building’s skin as the interface between two different climatic zones. That difference is harnessed — through a Peltier device inserted in the glazing unit– to generate heating and cooling locally, as needed by the user, or as necessitated by weather conditions. 


The glazing is slumped to form air channels to the heating and cooling unit.
The miniaturized heating and air-conditioning unit consists of a peltier device inserted between two back-to-back mounted CPU cooling sinks. The device cools and heats by reversing the current flow to the peltier device
Diagram of the air-channel infrastructures – showing the airflow in plan section and elevation.
The glazing sandwich. Two sheets of glass direct air in and out through the miniaturized heat-pump
Heat exchanger
By distributing the previously centralized HVAC system into the glazing system, glass becomes a haptic transmitter. With Valentina Mele
Slumped glass moulds
Fresh Air Window

Digital Window

Calculating Wall

NMO Unedited

Invisible House

On the interior, architecture is systematically removed from one

Hoover House